Beyond Walls is a group of business owners, residents and artists creating public art, seeking to revitalize Lynn, MA, and to offer improved wayfinding and a sense of security in the heart of the downtown area. Lam Partners teamed with Payette and Port Lighting to design dramatic and colorful underpass lighting, connecting Central Square and Washington Street, creating an inviting and appealing nighttime experience.
A world leader in journalism, the Boston Globe recently relocated from their Morrissey Boulevard facility to floors two and three of 53 State Street in vibrant downtown Boston. The renovation includes offices space, conference rooms, common areas featuring social spaces, a newsroom “hub,” and re-use of a grand staircase in the building lobby as their main entrance. Seeking a clean and minimalistic aesthetic, the lobby uses discreet low-brightness downlights interspersed with decorative pendants and repurposes the ‘B’ and ‘G’ from the Globe’s former headquarters sign. Office spaces are comfortably bright, taking advantage of linear fixtures integrated within the ACT support system. Conference rooms extend this clean aesthetic, employing a rectilinear ring of light around each room with a blade of clear acrylic.
Meant as a space for public interface, Autodesk’s BUILD space includes multiple areas for congregation. An espresso bar and a “Thinking Studio” form the entry, with unique features such as a 55’ long direct-indirect ‘pill’ shaped pendant, a color-changing cove, and articulated pendant uplights to illuminate an expanded metal mesh ceiling. Six additional meeting spaces in the core all employ foamed aluminum ceilings, with unique lighting for each space, save for one room – the cylindrical “Kiva,” which features a luminous ceiling with programmable, tunable white nodes floating just above the stretched fabric. Open office space completes the program, with linear fixtures arranged in tandem with a clever baffle design to deliver a visually dynamic, yet comfortable luminous environment.
Originally a train depot (constructed in 1877), this performing arts center relied on an egg-shaped form inserted into the building to act as the new structure, as well as forming the volumes for the three primary spaces contained within: a theater, a music recital hall, and a dance studio. Central to the lighting design concept was to light this form, turning the ornate façade into a dynamic color-changing lantern. Within the theater space, a grid of color-changing nodes, mounted to a bespoke cable system creates a false ceiling, which may be used for both house lighting and performances. Lighting in the music recital hall echoes the design in the theater: various lengths of linear low-voltage fixtures are mounted to aircraft cable running the length of the space, and interspersed with track lights, serving as the performance lighting.
ARC moved from its longtime offices in Cambridge to 501 Boylston Street in Boston. The space comprises approximately 17,000 square feet on one floor, and lighting was designed for the reception area and open office areas (including enclosed areas for Accounting and HR. conference rooms, the interiors library, a studio, and a kitchen/ lunch room). The project set new standards for office lighting energy efficiency, as one of the first projects to meet the stringent lighting energy efficiency requirements of the MassSave Sustainable Office Design incentive program.
The Dirt and Light Arts Studio and Gallery is a small private art studio and gallery in the Fort Point Channel neighborhood of Boston. A backlighting solution was developed by Lam Partners for the gallery celling, and a track lighting system was designed that uses fixtures with spectral tuning capability, which is controlled wirelessly. This allows the gallery owners to tune the color profile of each light source for maximum enhancement of the art.
This international tech firm has undertaken a significant expansion of its Kendall Square offices in the Cambridge Center Complex. This expansion includes two full floors, totaling approximately 30,000 square feet, providing new work spaces, meeting rooms, and eateries to make the workplace feel more like home. Funky pendants offset illuminated walls, which display supple textures, graphics, and colors. Open office areas are filled with sunlight, accentuated with a herringbone pattern of visually appealing pendants, and a brightly lit core to balance the daylight. The design creates a kinetic and energetic, yet cohesive workplace, within a comfortable luminous environment.
This library renovation included the relocation of Princeton University’s books reading room to a 21-foot-wide by 140-foot-long, glazed atrium space, nestled between the original library building and a 1980s-era addition. The original glass and brise soleil assembly provided reasonable solar control, but simply could not accommodate the strict 500 lux maximum required by conservators, so we were brought in to develop a solution.
After studying various design iterations and calculations to produce static daylighting solutions (including implementing baffles and altering the transparency of the panes), it became clear that a dynamic solution would be necessary to meet these complex requirements. Mechanical shades would be problematic, due to the sloped glass, noise, and maintenance concerns. Electrochromic glazing can change tint to decrease light transmission, typically in four steps from clear to 1% transmission, and proved to be the perfect alternative. After visiting other installations, the team gave the green light to develop the project with Sage Glass.
Up to this point, Sage’s typical installations included relatively simple control strategies, such as the creation of a series of horizontal bands or blocks defined by program. However, it quickly became apparent that grouping the glazing into large zones of control would not meet our criteria. To address this, we created a dynamic shading mask that could follow the sun as it moves across the sky, blocking direct sunlight from hitting tables of rare books, while also maintaining at least 10% clear glass for quality color rendering. This scheme would maximize the amount of clear or minimally tinted glass at all times.
To convince stakeholders of the concept, the lead author constructed an algorithm in Grasshopper for Rhino to visualize the concept geometrically, diagramming how the skylight could change throughout the day and year. The data was also used to create photorealistic animations in a dynamically changing digital heliodon, producing visualizations that simply could not be performed with its analog counterpart. However, these visualizations were both useful and deceiving; the representations made it clear that the shapes created were not pure geometries, and as such, the client requested some simplification. The transitions in the video were also abrupt, not portraying the 2-15 minute transition times actually found with electrochromic technology, which viewers found distracting. More importantly, this first iteration did not account for quantitative analysis; up to this point, the Grasshopper definition was only able to change states based on solar angle and obstructions. It’s one thing to create a simulation that ‘looks’ like it’s dynamically shading the space, it’s quite another to actually calculate it.
Ultimately, a nested, looping algorithm provided a workable solution that allowed the Grasshopper definition to test and iterate until it met our criteria. The algorithm would then write the results to a spreadsheet and move on. Once completed, the spreadsheet was handed off to Sage Glass, which used the data to program the installation. The project was completed in the spring of 2017. This was just in time for the summer research period and a first round of user feedback, as the staff began to notice a particular area that was not shaded in the afternoons. Based on this feedback, we modified the scenes, and will be waiting patiently until the summer of 2018 to see if the changes were helpful.
This project perfectly merged quantitative and qualitative design to develop a daylighting solution that could meet the client’s visual and metric needs in this space.
Reinventing the image of this post-modern office building, the design team stripped away outdated design elements, materials, finishes, and fixtures to reveal the lobby’s pure architectural forms. New amenity spaces were added to bring new life and energy into the building core, including a fitness center, café, coffee bar, and common areas. The design concept focused on integrating lighting into the existing architectural fabric wherever possible, as well as infusing a new language of lines of light to evoke movement and dynamism for the repositioned office park. An array of asymmetrically hung linear pendants provides the illusion of an ever-changing chandelier, which fills the volume of the three-story lobby space and creates a signature identity for the repositioned office building, upon arrival in the building and in the shared lobby. Surrounding surfaces are flooded with daylight, and highlighted with concealed lighting hardware for the evening hours. Throughout the project, walls are grazed and washed to provide positive focus, and the perception of comfortably illuminated spaces that are balanced with daylight.
United States Institute of PeaceCivic
|SIZE:||300,000 sq. ft.|
|OWNERS:||United States Institute of Peace|
|AWARDS:||2011 GE Edison Award|
|2012 IALD Award of Excellence|
|2012 IES Illumination Award of Merit|
|2012 A|L Outstanding Achievement Award|
|PHOTOGRAPHER:||© Glenn Heinmiller|
|DESIGN TEAM:||Paul Zaferiou|
Prominently located near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., the United States Institute of Peace (designed by Safdie Architects) contains offices, an international conference center, education center, research facilities, and public exhibition and event spaces. The wing-like roofs connect the 300,000-square-foot building’s three curving sections, enclosing two atria below. These multi-layer translucent structures presented the most challenging lighting problem – to light the roofs with no visible sources, so they glow softly both inside and outside. Lam Partners designed the pervasive lighting theme that is present throughout: light sources are fully concealed or designed to disappear, revealing and animating, but never competing with the architecture. The result is a visual representation of peace that takes its place in the D.C. skyline.
The translucent steel-frame roofs are comprised of outer diffusing glass and an inner white membrane, with structure sandwiched in between. Extensive computer modeling, material sample testing, and a full-scale mockup in Germany were required to determine the roofs’ transmissive and diffusing characteristics, and to validate the lighting solution.
Perimeter offices are fully daylighted. Clerestories bring daylight into corridors so that they often do not need to be lighted electrically. Inexpensive T5 strips integrated continuously into the curving clerestories’ base keep the ceiling surfaces pristine and provide dual function, indirectly lighting both offices and corridors.
Supplementing the indirect lighting at the clerestories, each office has a custom T5 linear fluorescent pendant downlight with shielding designed to block views into fixtures from outside or in the atria. Lighting is controlled with manual-on occupancy sensors.
One atrium is devoted mainly to research activities, while the other contains mostly conferences and public events. In both atriums, the sense of serenity and the purity of the architecture are preserved, despite the presence of busy offices. The eye is drawn upward to the gracefully arching roof, and glowing daylit ceilings, allowing the atrium roof to remain the focal point.
In the amphitheater, the ceiling itself is the light fixture. Echoing the curving white roof of the atrium, the amphitheater is an ideal venue for conferences. Comfortable levels of illumination for both presenters and audience members were a focus. Concealed dimmable T5HO fluorescent strips in a carefully designed ceiling profile provide high levels of glare-free illumination for videoconferencing, minimizing spill on projection screens. MR16 HIR adjustable accents provide targeted lighting of the presenter and markerboard. Lighting is controlled via an audio-visual touchscreen for seamless selection of lighting scenes for various room configurations.
Integrated into the curving auditorium ceiling, dimmable T5HO forward-throw cove fixtures provide general lighting without recessed fixtures blemishing the dramatic forms. Halogen PAR38 track lighting for the stage is hidden but accessible from the floor below. Recessed PAR38 HIR adjustable accents downlight the stage and wash the stage wall. Slatted walls glow magically with hidden xenon strips lighting the cavity behind, creating a sense of openness. A preset scene dimming system controls all lighting. The result is a unique, yet peaceful, auditorium space that perfectly reflects both the architecture of the building and the Institute itself.
From below, the roof’s pure form and texture is inspiring and calming. Careful lighting design reveals the architecture and provides sufficient light levels, yet avoids the clutter of visible fixtures. T5HO forward-throw cove fixtures in the tops of walls light the atria roofs. Digital addressable ballasts allow light output to be tuned along the roof perimeter and dimmed overall, effectively accentuating the roofs’ curvature. This single source simultaneously provides the interior ambient lighting and the exterior surface glow. Above the uppermost windows, necklaces of matching MR16 HIR halogen and PAR20 CMH adjustable monopoints provide supplemental downlighting – dimmable halogen for banquets and special events, and CMH for energy-efficient punch during winter afternoons and gloomy days.
The roof’s overhang is essential to create the dramatic form of the roof, visible from both the National Mall and from the west of the city. In-grade CMH adjustable accents illuminate the overhang, seamlessly extending the glow outside to the roof’s lowest point.
A central lighting control system employs occupancy sensing, daylight sensing, scheduling, and local preset scene control techniques for maximum energy savings and occupant satisfaction.
The project achieved LEED Gold certification.
Building details and the exterior are also pristine. Stairs are illuminated solely by compact fluorescent sources hidden in plaster niches at the stair sidewalls, eliminating visible hardware in hard-to-reach overhead locations.
No conventional façade lighting is used, minimizing spill light into the sky. The glow from within the building provides most of the site illumination, allowing the remarkable building to speak for itself and allowing views into the soaring atrium. Site lighting consists solely of an LED strip in the curving bench, a soft wash on the inscription, and a few shielded bollards, without any superfluous fixtures to detract from the building’s monumental impact.